Astana is the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan since 1998. It’s the second biggest city with 852 985 people.
It is one of the coldest capitals in the world. The temperature range is going from 50 degrees below zero up to 41 degrees above. To solve out this harsh climate, the government announced the building of the Green Wall project. The Green Wall will surround the city and is supposed to protect it from the winds.
Astana is a modern city with a very beautiful landscape. Throughout the city the Esil River flows. It divides the city into two parts. The left banked part is the business center including the political life and international communications of the country. The right banked part is the living one. The cultural life is perfectly combined with the history of the city. It has a lot of museums, theaters, art galleries. Great architecture is seen through the buildings built by Arab, Turkish and Japanese architects. The perfect example is a trade mall called Khan Shatyr which is the biggest tent in the world. It is the favorite place for shopping and leisure.
Despite of being a young capital, Astana has already got its awards. In 1999 the UNESCO gave it the title of “City of Peace”. In 2017 Astana will host the Expo – an International Exhibition dedicated to Energy Sources.